Category: Science/medical

Woman sentenced to jail for refusing to vaccinate son 

A Michigan judge sentenced Rebecca Bredow to seven days in jail after she violated a court order to have her 9-year-old son vaccinated. Bredow’s case first made headlines last week after her ex-husband took her to court over her refusal to vaccinate their son, despite agreeing to do so in Nov. 2016, Fox 2 Detroit reported.

Bredow told Oakland County Judge Karen McDonald that she takes “full responsibility” for her actions, and that vaccinations go against her beliefs. Last week, McDonald had given Bredow seven days to get the boy vaccinated, but she told news outlets that she “would rather sit behind bars for standing up for what I believe in, than giving in to something I strongly don’t believe in.”

Bredow was found in contempt of court, and McDonald said the boy would be vaccinated today based on the Nov. 2016 agreement made between the woman and her ex-husband.

The mother-of-two was handcuffed in court and escorted out of the room by deputies. 

GOP scraps Obamacare repeal plan; can’t gather enough votes

WASHINGTON, D.C.-  Unable to come with enough votes in a limited amount of time, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has decided to move away from the health care repeal- for now.

Republican senators decided during their weekly conference lunch on Tuesday that it as best not to not take a vote on the measure to repeal the ACA. This move comes after the GOP considered  a lack of votes, since three senators have explicitly  stated they would vote “no” on the measure, while other law makers have expressed doubts about the bill.

“The decision was a joint one between Lindsey and Bill and the other two sponsors and also the leader that if the votes are not there, not to have the vote, but not to give up,” said Sen. Pat Roberts of Kansas, after leaving the lunch, referring to the latest health care bill’s co-sponsors, Sens. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina and Bill Cassidy of Louisiana.

With no Democrats supporting the repeal of Obamacare, Senate Republicans could afford to lose the support of only two of their 52 members and still pass the bill. On Monday evening, Sen. Susan Collins of Maine became the third GOP senator to publicly oppose the measure, delivering a fatal blow to what was already a last-ditch effort. Sens. Rand Paul of Kentucky and John McCain of Arizona had previously said that they were against the measure.

The Graham-Cassidy legislation was the latest version of a series of efforts to partially repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act, but none were able to find the 50 votes needed to pass.

The timing is critical for the GOP since the Senate only has until September 30 before reconciliation expires. Under reconciliation, a simple majority of 50 votes is needed to pass legislation instead of the usual 60.

House Republicans, who did pass a version of Obamacare repeal in May, were disappointed with their congressional colleagues.

Scientists use spinach To grow heart tissue

A team of researchers just demonstrated that spinach leaves may  be able to grow a heart.

In a paper published Wednesday, researchers from Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and Arkansas State University-Jonesboro detail how they used spinach leaves to grow heart tissue.

Since spinach leaves have a vascular system similar to the human vascular system, researchers pushed a detergent solution through the spinach’s veins, stripping it of its plant cells and leaving behind the structure that keeps those cells in place. They also filled the spinach veins with human cells that line blood vessels.

When human cardiomyocytes—heart muscle cells derived from pluripotent stem cells—were implanted onto the spinach leaf, capillaries carried all the necessary blood and nutrients to the cardiomyocytes. After five days on the leaf, the cardiomyocytes had received enough nutrients and grown strong enough to contract like a muscle, and continued to contract for 21 days.

“Adapting abundant plants that farmers have been cultivating for thousands of years for use in tissue engineering could solve a host of problems limiting the field,” Glenn Gaudette, a professor of biomedical engineering at WPI and corresponding author of the paper, says in a statement.

So far, researchers have achieved similar results in parsley, Artemesia annua (sweet wormwood), and peanut hairy roots, and even found that some plants have better networks than others.

For now, the WPI team is still working to create a vascular network for the outflow of blood and fluids from human tissue, and studying how human cells grow while they are attached to and nourished by plant-based scaffolds.

“We have a lot more work to do,” Gaudette says in the statement, “but so far this is very promising.”